PTE Reading Online Practice Test 9


    Welcome to your PTE Reading Online Practice Test 9

    Directions: Read the text and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct

    The approach to the methodology of learning and teaching has to be comprehensive, presenting all options in an explicit and transparent way, and avoiding advocacy or dogmatism. It has been our fundamental methodological principle that the methods to be employed in language learning, teaching and research are those considered to be most effective in reaching the objectives agreed in the light of the needs of the individual learners in their social context. Effectiveness is contingent on the motivation and characteristics of the learners as well as the nature of the human and material resources which can be brought into play.

    Question 1 of 15-What point is the writer making in this paragraph?

    In many ways Britten’s most ambitious effort is the war requiem of 1961, a flawed but still impressive work for chorus, soloists and orchestra. It weaves together the traditional Latin Mass for the Dead with anti-war poems by Wildfrid Owen, a young officer killed in World War 1. The point of the war requiem is how the words of the liturgical text are reinterpreted and often rendered hollow by the realties of death in the war. In this work we see Britten’s prodigal inconsistencies on display. For all its problems, the war requiem will probably survive as one of our times’ most impassioned indictments of war and its heroic myths.

    Question 2 of 15- Which of the following most accurately summarizes the opinion of the author in the text?

    Adaptations enable living organisms to cope with environmental stresses and pressures. Adaptations can be structural or behavioural. Structural adaptations are special body parts of an organism that help it to survive in its natural habitat ( eg, skin color, shape, body covering). Behavioral adaptations are the was a particular organism behaves to survive in its natural habitat. Physiological adaptatios aresystems present in an organism that allow it to perform certain biochemical reactions( eg making venom, secreating slime, being able to keep a constant body temperature). Adaptations are traits that have been selected for by natural selection. The underlying genetic basis for the adaptive trait did not arise as a consequence of the environment, the genetic variant pre-existed and was subsequently selected because it provided the bearer of that variant some advantage.

    Question 4 of 15-Directions: Read the text and answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. More than one response is correct. Which of the following are true statements about adaptations?

    Question 5 of 15-Directions: The text boxes in the left panel have been placed in a random order. Restore the original order by dragging the text boxes from the left panel to the right panel
    1:But in Scotland three banks are still allowed to issue banknotes.
    2: When this bank was founded in 1965, Scots coinage was in short supply and of uncertain value, compared with English, Dutch, Flemish or French coin.
    3: To face growth of trade it was deemed necessary to remedy this lack of an adequate currency.
    4: The first scottish bank to do this was the bank of scotland.
    5: In most countries it is only the governmentt, through their central banks, who are permitted to issue currency.
    Question 6 of 15-Directions: The text boxes in the left panel have been placed in a random order. Restore the original order by dragging the text boxes from the left panel to the right panel.
    1. These markets have become rapidly dominated by powerful enterprices who were able to act in their own interests, against the interests of both workers and consumers.
    2. Mill was able to see an expanded role for the state in such legislation to protect us against powerful interests.
    3. He was able to argue that the state was the only organ that was genuinely capable of responding to social needs and social interests, unlike markets.
    4. There had already been some legislation to prevent such abuses-such as various Factort Acts to prevent the exploitation of child workers.
    5.Markets may be good at encouraging innovation and following trends, but they were no good at ensuring social equality.

    Question 8 of 15-Directions: In the text below, some words are missing. Drag words from the box below to the appropriate place in the text. To undo an answer choice, drag the word back to the box below the text.

    A charge often levelled against organic culture is that it is more philosophy than science. There's some truth to this indictment if that is what it is, though whu organic farmers should feel 1. about it is itself a mystery, a relic, perhaps, of our fetishism of science as the only 2. tool with which to approach nature. The philosophy of 3. natural processes preceded the science of understanding them.

    BLANK: supportive mimicking logic repeating credible defencive

    Question 9 of 15-Directions: In the text below, some words are missing. Drag words from the box below to the appropriate place in the text. To undo an answer choice, drag the word back to the box below the text.

    Our program will develop our 1. knowledge of computer science and your problem solving and 2. skills, while enabling you to achieve the 3. qualification for the IT professional. The programme structure is extremely 4. , enabling you to personalize your MSc through a wide range of electives.

    Question 10 of 15-Directions: In the text below, some words are missing. Drag words from the box below to the appropriate place in the text. To undo an answer choice, drag the word back to the box below the text.

    Of course there were many different enlightnments, and scholors still argue about which was the real torch bearer. However, despite their quarrelsome diversity, most enlightenment thinkers shared certain intellectual traits 1. on intellectual autonomy, a 2. of tradition and authority as the infalliable sources of truth, a 3. bigotry and persecution, a 4. to free enquiry, a 5. that ( in francis Bacon's words) knowledge is power.

    BLANK:dislike insistence conclusion commitment thought rejection proposal belief
    Reading and writing: Fill in the blanks – Item 1
    This short book has been concerned with the main tool of learning: language. Many children, particularly those in the industrial areas of the country, start their educational lives with this tool 1......, and live their early years in home circumstances which often conspire to keep it blunt, with the result, as the young sixth-former wrote in Chapter One, that even he 'becomes increasingly conscious of his 2.....of fluency', which may become 'the most prominent manifestation of his embarrassment and discomfort.' To 3.........this, to give the child the confidence, which derives from 4....... of speech and writing, is surely one of the prime tasks of the country's schools. There is no single recipe for a 5....... to do this well, but it may be helpful to consider the conditions, which appear to be 6........ to the primary schools whose work has been quoted.
    Gap 1
    A sharp   B same  C different  D blunt  E young
    Gap 2
    A shortage   B difficulty   C lack   D weakness   E gap
    Gap 3
    A miss    B avoid    C waste   D spare    E pass
    Gap 4
    A ease  B skill    C comfort   D utility   E ability
    Gap 5
    A meal    B lesson   C way   D teaching   E style
    Gap 6
    A frequent    B clear   C similar   D shared   E common
    Reading and writing: Fill in the blanks – Item 2
    Evidence for a genetic basis of antisocial behavior stems from several different lines of research. First, behavioral genetic studies of twins and adoptees have demonstrated that 1............ plays a role in antisocial behavior, including various forms of aggression and criminality, by finding greater concordance for such behavior in genetically 2.......... individuals, compared to non-relatives living in the same environment. Second, various correlates of antisocial behavior, including personality factors such as impulsivity, sensation-seeking, risk-taking, and callous-unemotional traits, are known to be at least partly genetically 3........... Third, psychiatric outcomes related to antisocial behavior, including antisocial personality disorder, gambling, and substance use and abuse, have also been 4................. in genetically informative designs, and each of these has demonstrated significant genetic links.
    Gap 1
    A parenting    B environment    C heredity    D culture
    Gap 2
    A identical     B related     C diverse      D idealized
    Gap 3
    A delivered    B managed  C directed  D influenced
    Gap 4
    A inferred    B investigated      C inspected           D integrated
    Reading and writing: Fill in the blanks – Item 3
    Umami was first identified in Japan, in 1908, when Dr. Kikunae Ikeda concluded that kombu, a type of edible seaweed, had a different taste than most foods. He conducted 1........... that found that the high concentration of glutamate in kombu was what made it so tasty. From there, he crystallized monosodium glutamate (MSG), the seasoning that would become 2........ the world over. Decades later, umami became scientifically defined as one of the five individual tastes sensed by receptors on the 3......... Then in 1996, a team of University of Miami researchers studying taste perception made another breakthrough. They discovered separate taste receptor cells in the tongue for detecting umami. Before then, the concept was uncharted. "Up until our research, the 4.............. wisdom in the scientific community was that umami was not a separate sense. It was just a combination of the other four qualities (salty, sweet, bitter, sour)", explained Dr. Stephen Roper, the University of Miami physiology and biophysics professor who helped zero in on the taste along with Nirupa Chaudhari, the team's lead researcher.
    Gap 1
    A experiences    B contests    C experiments     D attempts
    Gap 2
    A spread        B exported      C exclusive     D popular
    Gap 3
    A fingers        B mouth        C tongue          D jaws
    Gap 4
    A predominate    B insignificant     C important     D erroneous
    Reading and writing: Fill in the blanks – Item 4
    Global climate change is the greatest environmental challenge we face. We have at most a few decades to make the necessary investments to prevent the most serious impacts of climate change. Future generations will judge us based on the investments we are considering now. In its February 2007 report, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) warns that global emissions must peak no later than 2015 if we are to hold average global temperature increases to 2.4°C (4.3°F) or less. Moving to an emissions pathway that will hold temperature increases to a minimum will require a 1........... effort. There is no time to lose given the long lag in research and development cycles, and energy-intensive 2............. and product turnover. Fundamentally, 3.......... the world's energy system is unlikely to occur within this timeframe. It is thus imperative to find means to reduce the footprint of the existing system - most particularly, of coal, which is the most greenhouse gas intensive of the fossil fuels driving climate change. It is in this context that Carbon Dioxide Capture and Sequestration (CCS) becomes one of the most critical technologies in the menu of choices. It is the only option that provides a potentially near-term solution to rapidly expanding coal use here, in China and around the world. CCS must play the critical role of 4.......... growth in emissions from coal until other alternatives are ready.
    Gap 1
    A colossal    B nominal  C negligible   D customary
    Gap 2
    A agriculture  B architecture  C infrastructure  D conjecture
    Gap 3
    A altering    B revoking   C comparing  D analyzing
    Gap 4
    A sustaining   B curbing  C dividing    D increasing
    Reading and writing: Fill in the blanks – Item 5
    Peering into the future seldom produces a clear picture. But this is not the 1............... with bioenergy. Its long-term impacts on the global economy appear to be pretty clear, making many longterm predictions quite compelling, including the demise of the price-setting power of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and the end of agricultural protectionism. First, technology is 2.............. to deliver a biofuel that will be competitive with fossil energy at something like current prices. It probably already has. Brazil has been exporting ethanol to the US at an average delivery price of $1.45 for an amount with the energy equivalence of a gallon of petrol. It is doing so profitably and in increasing amounts, in spite of a 54 cents a gallon tariff to protect American maize-based ethanol 3............... Many countries are following suit. But ethanol is an inconvenient chemical compound that is corrosive and soluble in water, thus limiting its immediate market to that of a gasoline additive. However, this is just the Betamax phase of the industry. There is plenty of private venture capital money being 4............into finding more efficient ways of extracting energy from biomass and delivering it to transport and power systems. Over time, the technology will also become more flexible, allowing more crops to be used as feedstock, not just the current choice of sugarcane, maize and palm oil. New technologies will be able to extract energy from cellulose, allowing the use of pastures such as switch grass as well as the refuse of current food production.
    Gap 1
    A circumstances    B occurrence    C incidence   D condition
    Gap 2
    A assured    B called    C constrained    D bound
    Gap 3
    A producers     B directors    C programmers   D harvesters
    Gap 4
    A poured     B emptied   C streamed    D spent

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    Saya Khimta
    An alumni of Auckland House School, Shimla (Himachal Pradesh), I am a post graduate from Panjab University, Chandigarh. Currently, the owner of Saya Educationals, an English Language training institute located in the tricity and appreciated for being a good PTE/ IELTS trainer.


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