SUMMARIZE WRITTEN TEXT
Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence. You have 1 0 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.
The saying “The camera never lies.” has been with us almost since the beginning of photography – yet we all now know that it can, and does lie, and very convincingly. Yet most of us still seem to trust the truth of a photographic image – especially in our newspapers or on TV news reports – even though we may question its message. We think of photographs as an accurate reflection of unaltered reality. We’re convinced of this when we take unposed snaps on our family holidays or of colleagues the worse for wear at the office party. It is this property of photography that makes it hard to question the evidence before our eyes.
Our holiday snaps, though, like photographs showing life ten, fifty, a hundred years ago, tend only to bring about at most a feeling of nostalgia – not always a negative emotion. Many people keep albums to relive the better moments of their lives – and their impact is reduced by the fact that what they show is over, part of history. News photos, on the other hand, in presenting moments of an event that is probably still going on somewhere, must provoke a more vivid, emotional response.
We know that Shakespeare took whole chunks of Plutarch word for word to use in his Roman plays though, of course, in doing so he turned them into great poetry. Does this make Shakespeare a plagiarist? Was he a word thief?
In its legal definition, plagiarism includes “both the theft or misrepresentation of intellectual property and the substantial textual copying of another’s work”. But it is also considered to be a factor of a particular culture or time – that is, in some cultures and in some periods the idea was undefined – which makes it harder to identify precisely. However, the main problem these days is plagiarism in academic writing, which is becoming increasingly common, due to the vast amount of material that has been published which can be accessed via the Internet. This easy access, coupled with the increasing pressure put on students, has led to a rapid rise in incidents of plagiarism. It comes down to who owns the intellectual property in question, and with the advent of the Internet this has become less clearly defined.